The island of Ireland lies to the northwest of Europe. It is divided into the two countries. In 1921, the island was partitioned in two parts (Northern Ireland & Southern Ireland), under Government of Ireland Act, which passed in 1920.

Northern Island

The northern island is the part of Great Britain.

Republic of Ireland

In 1922, the Southern Island became the autonomous state, known as Republic of Ireland. The capital of Republic of Ireland is Dublin. This lovely Irish capital is a wonderful city destination for short summer break or for a family vacation. Here is a list of the top 4 places of Ireland’s capital that are a  must see during your trip.

Dublin Castle

0019-dublin-castle

The Dublin castle was the home of the British rulers and now it is mainly used to host official state visits. Officially the Dublin Castle is about 900 hundred years old. But most of the architecture of the Dublin castle dates back to the 18th century. Only some of the portions of castle like State Apartments etc. are open to the public. As follows are sample charges for tourists who may want to visit Dublin Castle.

Age Groups Charges
Adults €4.50
Senior Citizens €3.50
Students €3.50
Children (under 12) €2.00

Phoenix Park

Phoenix Park is the heart of Dublin. It’s also the residence of the Irish president. The expansive park spans 11 km in length. In Phoenix Park visitors can find the papal cross, a huge white cross. The papal cross was erected during the visit of Pope John Paul II on 29th of September 1979. The park also has many other monuments and statues which serve to enhance its beauty. A couple of notable examples inlcude the Phoenix Monument and the Victorian People’s Flower Gardens.

Kilmainham Gaol (Jail)

It is one of the Europe’s most infamous prisons which has been maintained in working order and serves as a museum since the 1980’s. As Ireland’s history shows, Kilmainham Gaol is only surpassed by the GPO, where the insurgents of the 1916 uprising were executed. Although, modern tours often focus in on this detail more than anything else, the Kilmainham Gaol remains engraved in the Irish collective memory as a profound and disturbing part of the Ireland’s modern history.

Guinness Store House

A trip to Ireland couldn’t be complete, until you visit the Guinness Store House. This historical building is an important part of the Dublin and Ireland’s heritage. Constantly changing, adding more edges to its seven floor compound. The tour will take you to the making of the famous drink, its history and finish up by sipping on a complimentary drink. You can also overlook at the breath taking 360 degree views of Dublin from the gravity bar in Guinness store.

Another of Ireland’s beautiful cities is Waterford. It is thought to be the oldest city in Ireland.  Waterford is located on the south eastern coast of the island. Early settlers found it an ideal place to colonize, starting with the Vikings and later the English. It was a truly a Viking’s outpost; raiders established a base here in the year 853 from which they attacked the settlements along the Irish Sea and the river network. A remnant of their settlement can still be seen, including Reginald’s Tower, the oldest urban building in the country. Situated at the apex of the Viking’s triangle, it is now home to an exhibition of historic and archeological artifacts that tell the story of Waterford Vikings heritage.
 
Granville hotel is another famous Waterford landmark. The beautifully restored Granville hostel is one of the Ireland’s finest hotels. Before becoming a hotel, it was the home of Mayer Tomas Francis Meagher. He was born here in 1823. Meagher was also a member of the young Ireland movement and passionately committed to Irish Independence. He also designed the Irish national flag, modeled after the French tri-color. The green color in the Irish flag symbolizes the south, the orange symbolizes the north and the white symbolizes the hope for peace between the south and the north. Meagher was arrested for treason and exiled to Tasmania, but he escaped and went to the America, where he became a leader in New York’s city growing Irish community. Meagher was later appointed to Governor in the Montana Territory in recognition of his outstanding service. He was Irish and considered by many an American hero.